The no-confidence motion against Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy debated in Congress on Thursday and Friday passed today with 180 “yes” votes, four more than the 176 required for an absolute majority.
Once the motion passed, the government must immediately present the resignation of Rajoy and Socialist leader (PSOE) Pedro Sánchez – who is the replacement candidate – “shall be understood to be appointed” by the parliament as prime minister. King Felipe VI will then name him the head of the Spanish government.
According to lawyers from Congress, this automatic process is due to the “constructive character of the no-confidence motion.” In other words, Sánchez does not have to be invested in a separate vote because the very motion implies the trust of the Spanish parliament. “The process of a no-confidence motion is actually an alternative to an ordinary investiture. It has the same effect – it establishes the prime minister of the government – but through different channels,” the lawyers explain.
Similarly, Article 179 of Congress Regulations indicates that the head of Congress “will make it immediately known to the king and the prime minister of the government” that the no-confidence motion has been approved. This statement “must go alongside the decree naming the new prime minister of the government,” the lawyers add. This decree must be published in the Official State Bulletin (BOE) the day after the no-confidence vote is approved.